Common skincare terms and ingredients:
Alpha Arbutin – this potent ingredient is extracted from bearberry leaves, blueberries and cranberries, working to fade acne scarring and hyper-pigmentation with a two-pronged approach. Firstly, it reduces the skin’s pigment production, as well as slowing the process by which UV light causes pigmentation in the first place to offer an overall brightening effect.
Niacinamide – this is the name for vitamin B3, a hydrating ingredient that is beneficial to every skin type and concern including acne, rosacea, pigmentation issues, and wrinkles. It helps to smooth skin’s texture, reduce blackheads and blemishes.
Antioxidants – the skin’s defence against damaging free radicals. Common antioxidants include vitamins C, A and E, which work to keep the skin firm, fight damage and keep skin look healthy.
Retinol – also known as vitamin A, retinol increases cell turnover and boosts collagen production. The plumping effects mean lines and wrinkles appear ‘filled.’ Cell turnover is stimulated by retinol – meaning new, brighter skin emerges with use over time. Vitamin A also has anti-acne benefits as it helps unclog pores.
Bakuchiol – Think of this as a plant-derived, natural alternative to vitamin A (Retinol.) It will help to reduce pigmentation, improve elasticity and smooth the skin’s texture. It’s gentler than retinol, so perfect for those with more sensitive skin.
Vitamin C – A powerful antioxidant that works to reverse the effects of pollution and fade pigmentation. This brightening ingredient also has anti-ageing benefits, working to repair cell damage.
Peptides – these refer to short chains of amino acids which build proteins like collagen, elastin and keratin. When these are depleted in the skin, texture and tone are affected. Adding peptides encourages damaged cells to make new.
Ceramides – Ceramides are present in the upper layers of our skin – to act as a barrier that helps to retain moisture. As we age these deplete, which can lead to the skin becoming dry and dehydrated.